NAER has eight centers, each of which manages different professional fields and tasks, focusing on different issues in the field of education. These eight centers also offer constructive proposals that address the long-term developmental challenges facing education in Taiwan.
The main research responsibilities of this Center are outlined as follows: educational systems, policies, and issues of various levels; local and multicultural education; educational indicators; evaluation of educational needs; and comparison of educational systems and policies among different countries.
In accordance with the research focus of the National Academy for Educational Research, the current research plans of the Center emphasize the following three aspects: educational equity and quality, educational manpower, and performance management. More concretely, its research focus includes: rural education and education for disadvantaged students, screening and training for elementary and secondary school principals and teachers, and core competence and learning effectiveness of college students.
Research Center for Curriculum and Instruction
The RCCI devotes to development of long-term, systematic, and prospective curriculum and instruction research for elementary and secondary schools. Its main research topics include research and development of curriculum guidelines, course contents and pedagogical methods.
The RCCI develops evident-based and student-centered plans which are grounded in practices and evidence in several fields, such as theoretical foundations and practices of relevant academic research, investigations into curriculum and instruction implementation, trends in society and curriculum reforms in various countries, also research and development of innovative and experimental instruction methods. Therefore, the plans constitute the research foundation for curriculum in elementary and secondary schools.
Additionally, the RCCI establishes a research collaboration hub for its school partners, constructs two research offices, Asia-Pacific Office for Aesthetic Education (APOAE) and Outdoor Education Research Office (OEO), and conducts practices and research on fundamental and prospective curriculum and instruction in elementary and secondary schools.
Research Center for Testing and Assessment
The core duties of this center involve conducting research on various topics, including domestic and international education, statistics of testing, and learning assessments. The aim of the “Longitudinal Study of Taiwan Assessment of Student Achievement” is to compare the improvement in students’ learning ability between the previous curriculum system and the new curriculum system involving 12-year compulsory education. Factors affecting the improvement in learning ability will be explored, and the results may serve as a reference for reforms of the curriculum system and for education policies in the future.
This center has also constructed an office for large-scale international comparative studies in education. The results of comparative studies conducted on common international assessments (e.g., Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, Program for International Student Assessment, Progress in International Reading Literacy Study, and International Civic and Citizenship Education Study) will be compiled and used in the implementation of national policies on education. The office also serves as a hub for international cooperation and domestic implementations.
In conformity with the recently promoted student-centered learning, this center has also developed digital self-learning platforms. The center plans to construct diverse and differentiated learning platforms; such platforms can determine the most effective learning methods for each student according to their user data on the platforms and provide timely feedback to users.
Research Center for Translation, Compilation and Language Education
The main goals of this center are to conduct research and development on basic knowledge and language education for Taiwan’s education.
The research of basic knowledge content focuses on corpora application, Chinese language proficiency index, grading scale for characters, words and grammar, grading scale for commonly used Chinese characters and words, application of academic glossaries in textbooks, and development of dictionaries; the latter two are the pioneer researches in the field. The development of basic knowledge content includes Chinese translation of English academic glossaries in various disciplines, English translation of Chinese glossaries, compilation of five Ministry of Education Chinese dictionaries, and the establishment of corpus of written Chinese, corpus of spoken Chinese, interlanguage corpus and Chinese-English parallel corpus.
The research of language education includes study on Mandarin, Minnan, Hakka, new immigrants and foreign language education, and training of translation professionals in Taiwan; the latter is a more complete analysis of the topic.
Center for Textbook Research
The duties of this center are presented as follows: conduct basic and applied research on textbooks; evaluate textbooks of elementary and secondary schools; and archive, utilize, and promote textbook resources. Textbooks developed by the National Institute for Compilation and Translation contribute abundant research resources in this center. This center fulfills both theoretical and practical needs by integrating professional talents and resources. Research in this center focuses on the following topics: policies, systems, designs, applications, and issues pertaining to textbooks; instruction methods through textbooks; and digital textbooks. Such research is aimed at improving the quality of textbooks, refining teaching and learning through textbooks, and realizing the complete potential of the think tank on education policies.
Research Center for Indigenous Education
This center was established in August 2017 and conducts long-term, comprehensive, and systematic research focusing on indigenous education. An accumulating body of research on indigenous education demonstrates the country’s respect for indigenous sovereignty and its determination to promote indigenous education.
The development goals of this center regarding indigenous education include integrating education resources and establishing an information platform of relevant research. Conforming to the research focus of the National Academy for Educational Research, this center emphasizes four aspects, namely course instruction, performance responsibilities, equality and quality, and educational workforce. The center also collaborates with other centers in this academy as well as research units outside the academy to realize the complete potential of the think tank on indigenous education policies.
Center for Educational Resources and Publishing
This center is devoted to providing diverse educational resources and publishing services for education administrative authority, educators, researchers, and students. Therefore, this center plays a crucial role in supporting academic research, determining education trends, and providing instructional materials. To provide diverse and abundant education resources for developing professional teaching, the center publishes the Journal of Educational Research and Development, launches e-newsletters (e.g., the e-newsletter of international education, E-Journal of Pulse of Education, and e-newsletter of National Academy for Educational Research), and establishes networks for educational resources (e.g., Taiwan Education Resources Information Center and i-Fun Learning website). Therefore, a more professional, international, and diverse educational environment can be expected in the future.
Center for Educational Leadership and Professional Development
The duties of this center are to train the education workforce and construct a complete system of continuous learning for leadership talents. This center executes tasks that include conducting preservice preparation for director and principal candidates in all counties and cities and providing intensive workshops and accommodation to participants. Moreover, this center hosts theme-based professional training exercises for in-service directors, principals, and other personnel education administration. In conformity with the contemporary education policies and critical issues, the center supports the Ministry of Education to host three-stage training exercises for compulsory education counseling groups as well as in-service training exercises for teachers and administrative personnel. Thus, the professional skills of educational teams can be improved.
The longitudinal development of training courses for the education workforce contributes to the creation of diverse learning contents, innovative training modes, and performance assessment systems. Additionally, the emphasis on mentoring and learning from paradigms evokes educators’ sense of purpose and passion, enhances teachers’ educational competency, benefits each of the students, and improves students’ preparedness for future tasks.